Phu Bai

The road to Phu Bai

           I don't know of any better account of the off-duty life of Jeff and his fellow linguists at Phu Bai than John Buquoi's magisterial poem following.

phú bài nights

                for ralph, bill, jeff and peyton

                       phú bài was originally home
                       to a small army security agency
                       unit known as detachment j, 3rd rru


phú bài, ‘the nam’, spring, sixty four
bill, a great gruff, bluff, comic walrus
philosopher, storyteller
our mustached brother holding court
one baleful eye, now crooked askew
manic hinted, perhaps of some
deep sadness, of a tale not told,
some wounded hurt held closed inside
or maybe not just impressions,
but reflections of the burden
weighted of the day’s black mission
escalated every day
how not enough killing in the south
more lives gone north not to return
the slaughter of unknowing lambs
(not really lambs, of course, but men
and boys too young to die their deaths,
unlucky ones to prison camps)
sacrificed to widening war
while watchers just as young as they
listen here, close by, listening,
listening, listening, waiting
until their faint transmissions end

bill’s tiny table’s pre-reserved,
the club’s packed, a nightly pirate
ship of fools and he the captain
‘hey-ho’ glaring from quarterdeck
lacking only eye-patch, cutlass
and, maybe, a worthier prize
than a ship on bottled label
they, now spirit partnered brothers
in their young generation’s war
pirates sailed along war’s dark edge

‘now bu, sit down here, we don’t get up
until this quart of cutty’s gone
you know i saved it just for us’
nobody else unless maybe
danny b, or ralph, brother jeff
or ex-pfc ‘johnny c’
if we need another bottle,
well, that’s okay, not a problem
there’s always more where this came from’
nightly ritual, bill the host
and they never quit ‘til all gone
and the world’s problems solved except
not for those death trapped, dying near
beyond the perimeter wire
or, not far north, the dmz
nor for those shadow haunted souls
in restless dreams and scotch soaked sleep

danny, drunk navajo trader
(‘near four corners, new mexico’)
passes bearing candy handouts
‘hey guys, look what I got from home,
a box of baby ruths, have some’
best candy bar god ever made
the navajo call them bear turds
but, they’re for sure better than that,
laughs ripple around the table
  ‘thanks for sharing, but think i’ll pass’
he staggers past, on toward the bar
looking for beer and anyone
who hasn’t yet heard his old joe
or the one about ‘coyote’
and the navajo sheepherder

marine matt, and his pfc
phú bài’s own war’s madness mascots
draw a crowd out near the door
as they burnt cork black their faces
prepping to go out through the wire
with their k-bars and swedish k’s
unauthorized, seeking ‘action’
or intelligence, ‘good luck, there’
no intelligence in these two
men boys playing at children’s sport
in a real bullet game of war
‘john fucking waynes without no brains’
macho fools who’d get off on death
but only if they can deal it
before it comes and first finds them
god spare innocents in their path
not enough useless death around
these fools now to go ‘get some
how so wrong hope they not return
from their sought home-brewed valhalla
maybe best for the neighborhood
someone shouts, from across the room
hey, you guys, we don’t need this shit
we’re not here for no g.i. joe
but there they go, out, gone again

ralph and jeff make their appearance
but ralph splits off after ‘hi guys
and moves where he can watch the slots
jeff, distracted, tired, slouches down
and bill, in greeting sloshes out
a double cutty sark his way
jeff downs the shot but craves a beer
this place stinks and this war’s bullshit
we’re not fucking helping ‘em here
just makin’ some fat white guys rich
from people dyin’ on all sides
just war,’ my ass, there’s no such thing
not here anyway, least of all’
he wanders off across the room
he’d rather beer and fresh debate
a foil for fencing with himself
maybe the new guy by the bar

a conversation overheard
hey, that guy over there looks like
shit, it is, jeesus, raymond burr
goddamn, perry mason right here
in phú bài, what’s he doing here’
‘just hanging out, one of the guys,
he says, that’s all he wants to be,
hangin’ out mostly with big merle
but with anybody who cares
to sit with him and drink a beer’
'no shit, merle or anybody
well, i guess that’s right, with him and
merle so damn much alike, both big
and heavy and all, an’ like that’
'well merle’s got the beer cooler key
and ol’ ‘perry’ does like his drink
not just the beer but anything
‘cept, it’s not just merle, like i said
anybody can join an’ drink
hell, this morning we had some beers
with him outside, back in the shade,
and he’s going to call my mom
whenever he gets back to the states’
you’re shittin’ me, calling your mom’
'he asked did i want him to call,
like i said, a regular guy
says he’s here ‘til they drag him out’
‘shee-it, perry fuckin’ mason’
‘and, man, he can put it away
nobody here’s gonna match him
at suckin’ it down can by can
sixteen hours a day, nonstop
last night still out in the bunker
after midnight, watchin’ the flares,
and he’s still not even wasted
yeah, after drinkin’ beer all day
nah, he’s just a regular guy’
fuck me, perry fuckin’ mason
out drinkin’ on our goddamn wire
and now, look at him over there
even laughin’ at danny’s jokes’
‘there it is, a regular guy’
jeezus, perry fuckin’ mason,
an’ right here in fuckin’ phú bài
kiss my ass, one regular guy
i’m gonna get an autograph,
maybe he’ll offer to call mom’

ralph smells ‘jackpot’ (that’s nothing new),
goes to the slot, drops one thin dime
and scores a twenty dollar pot
a weekly think just like clockwork
'yo, ralph, how the fuck’d you do that’
‘just good luck, bro’,and clean livin’
and through the door he’s out and gone,
our dark brother ralph’s not talking
at least not while the magic lasts
(listener ralph, he’s of few words)
'ya’ know, with him a black ‘lingy’,
little kids think that he’s a ghost
like the spirits they’ve heard about
that maybe come to take their souls,
but how the hell does he do that,
he just watches and then he knows
the fuckin’ payout’s coming due
i’m just sayin’ that’s scary shit’
‘maybe the fuckin’ kids are right’
'shit, go get us another drink,
this place is makin’ us all nuts’

jeff, at the bar has a live one
a fool enough to take him on,
phú bài’s favorite socrates
debating the war’s ‘morality’
'i’m tellin’ you, this war’s bullshit
and we’ve got no business here
we’re not here to help these people
we’re just gettin’ lots of them killed
then’ll come american kids
we’ve sure got better things to do
than kill and be killed here over
this fucking lyndon Johnson war
I’m tellin’ you, this war’s bullshit
we need to get out while we can
what if it was your own brother,
‘cause that’s the shit that’s comin’ next’
and the right could last forever

later, last call passed, cutty’s gone
so with a case, two, sometimes more
st. pauli girl, chilled black label
he, bill, jeff, the last dogs un-hung
continue on out at the wire
closer there to the nearby war
jeff recreating his debate,
dismissive of his rival’s stance
predicting, boy cassandra like,
disastrous outcomes from the war
‘sure, jeff, you’re right, we hear you, man’
it’s not certain they yet do as
peyton joins them, a beat poet
philosopher, weaver of spells,
young kerouac still on the road
the sandbag bunker full of drunks
but none too drunk to miss the stars
moonless clouds of constellations
laced above their no ending war

again, this night there’s death outside,
not far, it seems not ever far,
cordite’s smell hangs faint on the cool
night breeze that brushed them, chilly now
distractedly silent, watching
the slow descent of fireflied lights,
flares arcing not so far distant,
casting challenges at the stars,
close by the foothills to the west
on hell’s own field of red green fires,
(‘it looks like fucking Christmas eve,
but that sure ain’t no santa claus’)
tracer streams mark death’s fiery path,
bright brilliant sky bounced ricochets
laser signposts to this night’s hell
an outpost there under attack,
maybe an ambushed night patrol
(two guards foxholed outside the wire,
pray for no part in this night’s show)
they’ve all seen it more times than once
this guerrilla war’s dance of death
grim watched even from their distance
by dawn the post’s gone, overrun,
or ambush team left mopping up
whomever living left to mourn
their fresh dead brothers, fathers, sons
on both sides, both sides of this war,
this brother killing brother war

sometimes there’s a dead enemy
found among the battle’s bodies
who’s known to them, one a driver,
another time a cook, and one,
an ancient coolie laborer
the one that hurt, the old woman,
dead, shredded by a claymore blast
hell, she was someone’s grandmother’,
they knew her from the mess chow line
she served up our fucking breakfast’
mac-v guy brought in their badges
dead on the wire, not coming back’

tonight, who knows whose number is up
as they watch and listen to those
staccato bursts, mortared thunders
killing the near, stalking the far
a nightly carnival of death,
a made in u.s.a. produced
extravaganza, ‘step right up

the flash of fires and muffled sounds
death’s music played beneath the stars
a fearsome ragged rhythm beat
now bass line riffs for the sweet song
of peyton’s tonight ‘talkie’ poem
his tale, performed but only once,
a wistful heart-soft jazz improve
prayed impromptu to a hushed house,
motion pictured without pictures,
beyond peyton’s story deep drawn
in imagination’s colors
the audience now respectful,
pete’s entranced hitchhike companions
on his painful, long night’s journey
toward the day, a lonely transit
through a black frost southwest desert,
yeah, lit by those same stars as these,
but so cold i was sure i’d die
as he, so hungry, exhausted,
so desperate for a ride, and
near unable to continue
from past the point of no return
yet, to his own still shocked surprise,
chose not to thumb down the eighteen
wheels of roaring on-rushed power,
lest he miss the bright tornado,
of its night passage, and instead
only this once, this magic scene,
no way  i could bring myself to
thumb it down and just stop the run’
stood by that roadside shouting cheers
at its coming, it’s here and gone
and standing thrilled, alone and awed
losing himself inside the night
truck’s dragon roar, all fire and heat
twin smoke stacks spewing spark and flame
just way too beautiful to stop
well, yeah I guess,’ he whispered soft,
yeah, you just had to be there, man
he, dream lost hypnotized alone
in hot sand wind that blasted him
as it exploded through his night
and drunk on such beauty passing,
laughing at his own foolishness,
still chilled but for his vision’s fire
and here, ten thousand miles away
those who heard the tale felt the heat
of that truck’s hot midnight passage
and dusted sand from mist damp eyes
as the tale stilled conversation
listeners humbled, now silent
at the poet’s one time told tale
each seeks his own lost memories
in the echoes of the story

the distant fight subsided, now
the dead just dead, forever gone
the living, not yet dead, move on,
lives reprieved by un-tolled fate

bill lost now in deep reflection,
bleary-eyed, sleepy jester priest
toasts a final benediction
and calls it done, for all a night

the first dim wash of dawn mists up
pale pinked orange and gold pastels from
over east’s south china sea, and
beyond, those places once called home


J Buquoi, snapshots from the edge of a war (2015)
The book is available in e-book, Kindle, and hard copy.


#1    To be stationed at an ASA post other than Saigon early in the war meant an austere after-hours life.

Motorbikes to China Beach

        In Danang the major entertainment was riding motorbikes out to China Beach and swimming, surfing, cooking out, and sun bathing. The 3rd RRU departed Danang and relocated to Phu Bai where there was nothing at all in the way of off-duty amusement with the exception of a ping pong table for which we seldom had balls. We did have occasional movies.

        The area was nothing but sand hills and scrub land. We were allowed to hike around the area outside of camp as long as we went with someone else and we were armed.


#2    Craig Walden was a combat Marine in Nam. Grievously wounded, he returned home to Chicago after considerable surgery and became co-editor of Vietnam GI following Jeff’s death. However, before that he sat for an interview for the last issue of Jeff’s tenure -- about his last combat experience, a fiasco due to bad intelligence from command. 

Sorry ‘Bout That

        VGI: How did you get hit over there?

        Cpl Walden: I was with Bravo company of the 1/3. We were sitting across the Qua Viet River last May [‘68], and we got a call there was a platoon of the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) – a platoon of theirs is approximately 40 men at most – building up in this village, Dai Do. We were sitting on the other side of the river so we got a couple of amtracks, amphibious track vehicles.

        We got our company on them, started going across the river and got halfway there when we began taking machine gun fire from the village. So we hit the beach and got off the track and they just started hitting us from all over. I’m thinking, man, this is some platoon they’ve got. We began pushing across an open field to this one small little hill right before the large village. We had lost over half the company by now.

        All night we were losing people and getting rocket rounds and mortar rounds. We had this one amtrack left and we were going to charge across the field and attack the village with about half our company. We got halfway across the field and then it really started. And Command was still insisting this was an NVA platoon.

        Well, we kept pushing through until finally everybody was shot, everyone was out of ammunition and everything. We tried pulling back, all the corpsmen were shot. I was shot myself. We dragged back to the river so we had the river at our backs. We had 11 of us left now out of approximately 237 men.

        [A few days later another Marine unit took the village.] They estimated the NVA body count was over 1500. It was in Time magazine. They wrote that Bravo Company had attacked a full division, the 320th NVA Division. They said we had won. They didn’t mention that only 11 guys had survived.


#3        An ASA GI sent me his memories of duty at Phu Bai in ’64. He had been flown up from Saigon to Danang and then driven the 55-60 miles northeast to the base. Jeff had preceded him six months earlier by chopper directly to Phu Bai, standing in as door gunner for the shorthanded pilot. My interlocutor was a Morse Code operator aka ‘ditty bopper’, while Jeff had been a linguist, or lingy, but the duty station where they served was the same.

Flour Sprinkled Liberally with Weevils

  The ASA base at Phu Bai when I got there, was about a 500
square-yard patch of bulldozed sandy soil surrounded by barbed wire and sandbagged bunkers. Adjacent to our base was an Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) artillery base which had 105 mm and 155 mm guns. They fired them day and night, mostly on harassment/interdiction fire missions.

   I remember being startled when I first heard the guns fire; the pant legs on my fatigues would be pressed against my legs from the concussion when the 155’s fired, and then we could hear the shells whooshing away for a few seconds. Woe to those on the receiving end.

   We ate in a mess hall with a roof, not a tent. The food was mostly heated-up C-rations. I remember a lot of salty, stringy beef; powdered eggs and bread made from flour sprinkled liberally with weevils.

  There was a small bar at Phu Bai, open for a few hours most nights where the GIs could buy beer. We paid for the drinks with military payment certificates or MPC’s – we weren’t given dollars for fear of black-marketing by the GIs.

  We worked either in a building with a roof or in little containers built on the frames of deuce-and-a-half trucks. As I recall, we worked 5 days a week, 8-10 hours a day.

  The Army designation of the unit at Phu Bai was Detachment J of the 3rd Radio Research Unit (the headquarters of the 3rd RRU was in Saigon). The commanding officer of Det J as it was called was a Major Weaver.

   I remember hearing that one of the ASA lieutenants was fooling around with his .45 pistol and fired a round into the locker of his roommate, putting a hole through most of his roommate’s uniforms, which he had to pay to replace. ASA guys were not particularly military in outlook.


 #4       The ASA base at Phu Bai was in the northernmost part of South Vietnam. The old coastal city of Hue was not too distant, but for livelier diversions Jeff and John Buquoi often headed down to Danang, also on the South China Sea. The route down was over a coastal mountain range at the peak of which was the Hai Van, or Sea Cloud Pass. The road leading up to the pass and then down into Danang was narrow and winding.

          Looking at a photo of Jeff at the top of the pass with an M-14 slung over his shoulder, John describes the scene. 

Mist-shrouded and Windy

           The road over the pass at the time was single lane, so traffic would head up to the top and stop in a small parking area there that featured beer and soup stands (it was a cold place, often mist-shrouded and windy).

          As the parking area approached capacity, a signal would be given, up traffic would be held at the bottom of the mountain, and all cars at the top would be permitted to continue on their way down. Once the last cars cleared the bottom, the signal would be given to release the upbound traffic and so on.

           I think there must have been a command post with a traffic controller on a radio on the mountain above it all. Jeff and I could have been heading to Danang or back to Phu Bai, and we did have issued ammo for the M-14s when we traveled anywhere off base.


#5         Phu Bai was a relatively quiet post during Jeff’s tour – in ’64, the low intensity war was concentrated in the Mekong Delta and to the north of Saigon. After the escalation in ’65, a Marine combat battalion moved into the Phu Bai area. They were there to guard the airstrip and the ASA unit.

Two Villagers Buried Alive by the Vietcong

        The radio research unit is believed to be engaged in jamming North Vietnamese radar, monitoring Communist radio traffic, and guiding air strikes against the North.

        The Marines’ battery of 155-mm howitzers dominates a 55-sq mile sweep of sand dunes, dusty hillocks, and paddy fields that yield suddenly to steep hills and jungles in the west. ‘Hell’, said one Marine rifleman recently, ‘I ain’t seen one of them Victor Charlies since I been here’.

        But Victor Charlie is there alright. Last week’s Phu Bai ‘incident’ list included ‘two villagers taken away by the VC and buried alive. Village chief shot at night’. [Time mag]


#6      In his letters during his last months in Vietnam, Jeff was disillusioned by what we were up to there, and increasingly bitter about his time spent in the military as he wrote me in one letter:

Vietnam My Bitch 

Vietnam is my bitch.
Time is running out.


#7       Jeff-2 continues his narrative from his long conversation with J Buquoi. Jeff and JB are now in Phu Bai.

Military Planes Rising and Descending

           It’s beautiful, Vietnam, especially when you and your buddy Jeff have a jeep for the weekend. Road trip! Danang over the mountain, with a bonus stop on the way. Buquoi has bought a trophy, a submachine gun, a ‘Swedish K’, for $25.

          So they’re in their jeep, open top on the little highway, riding with a big gun, and what do you know but a bunker, an old strong point, must be from the French Far East Expeditionary. Rat-a-tat-tat, ‘we’re young and we can outrun anything’.

          Then comes the mountain. One lane up and down, the ocean below, and at the top, Cloudy Pass or Col des Nuages, or Hai Van. From there you can see everything. It’s forty degrees. ‘Colder than a witch’s tit’, says Buquoi, and Jeff laughs.

         They’re waiting for their turn to go down the mountain – traffic switches off on the one lane, everybody waits at the top, which is nice, because there are little vendors, a bowl of soup and a beer and below, Vietnam.

         Normally it’s all clouds up there, but today it’s clear like it’s calling to Jeff and Buquoi, look and listen. In the distance, Danang, military planes rising and descending, too far away to be heard. But look in the other direction and the war – that’s what’s coming, they both understand that now. The war disappears, replaced by rice paddies, the mountains, and the sea.


#8      Jeff-2 concludes his narrative as the two GIs spy a strip of land, a green peninsula, jutting into the South China Sea from the coast far below the Hai Van Pass enroute to Danang.

Dreaming A Future      

‘War’s over, I’m coming back here’, Jeff says.
'Tell you what I’m gonna do, I’m gonna build a casino on that peninsula’.
‘Yeah, Yeah. It’s perfect’, Buquoi agrees.
‘Put a little gate on that strip of land, incredible security’.
'A casino Jeff, beautiful’.

   Not a plan, less than a memory. Just a snapshot of Jeff and Buquoi, two young men on a weekend adventure, dreaming a future.

#9        With a second coup in the air in late January ’64, Jeff and six fellow Vietnamese linguists were rushed to Saigon. As they arrived, the coup came to a successful conclusion. Jeff’s TDY, or Temporary Duty, was extended, and he was sent up to Phu Bai. 

Sharlet, Jeffrey J

           30 January 1964

            Along with his buddies Fred Baumann, Karl Grabner, Jim Schroeder, Keith Willis, and Ken Yonowitz, Jeff was shipped to Saigon, RVN, on TDY for a period of 30 days. Movement orders indicated that all individuals were cleared for Top Secret/Cryptographic.


#10     Jeff largely became politicized in VN as he increasingly turned against the US mission. At Phu Bai, John Buquoi remembered he didn’t hesitate to make his views known and was known for his calm, reasoned manner of debate.

Outspoken in His Views

          There were plenty of occasions when Jeff calmed heated debate with his steady, rational, low-key approach. Recall, too, that Jeff was outspoken in his views against the war, and – especially at Phu Bai – these views were not always well received by people holding contrary beliefs.

          Yet, I never saw anyone corner or threaten him – his cool, calm approach to any debate or potential confrontation always kept things from getting heated. It was just his ‘style’ of debate, discussion, persuasion that always kept things calm, or, if heated, heated amicably and to a point below boiling.


#11     R H Shultz in ‘The Secret War against Hanoi’ describes the operation Jeff was involved in. 

The Insertion of Long-Term Agent Teams into the North

          The insertion of long-term agent teams into the North was extremely difficult and largely unsuccessful under the CIA. Washington could not decide on the objectives of these teams. According to OPLAN-34A, the agents were to establish a resistance movement in North Vietnam.

          Since this was never officially authorized by Washington, the mission was changed to intelligence collection, sabotage, and psychological warfare. [57]


#12     John Buquoi was three classes behind Jeff at ALS. He graduated in Sept ’63, went directly to VN, and became part of the Phu Lam group with Jeff. 

A Wild Character

          How did you ever find Bill Jernigan? I’ve looked for him over the last 20 years, but never found him and assumed that his liver probably got him.

  One of my favorite people, but a wild character – cost me many a night’s sleep when I was at Phu Bai, dragging me out to a bunker to keep on drinking after the club closed.


#13        Peyton Bryan served with Jeff at Phu Bai.

Prisoner Interrogation?

           When they weren’t doing their routine intel work, lingys were sometimes used for work on the base, e.g. interpreting for a local contractor building a facility, although that was mainly Ralph Adams’ job.

           Had there been a prisoner interrogation, Peyton didn’t think that most of them had sufficient language skills, with the exception of Ralph and Steve Shlafer. Mostly, the lingys did translating with reference materials at their elbow, only occasionally interpreting.


#14     Bill Jernigan tells a Capt Queeg story about a green new lieutenant assigned to Phu Bai.

Surprise ‘Spoon Inspections’

            Lt Barker got to Phu Bai while I was there. He was straight out of OCS and a jerk. The CO was Major Weaver, and there was also a colonel overseeing the intel function.

           Barker was in charge of inspections and trying to make Phu Bai into the unit he had dreamed of in OCS. He failed. He discovered there weren’t enough spoons in the mess, so he started a series of surprise ‘spoon inspections’, digging through our dirty laundry trying to recover the missing spoons.

   And no, they weren’t being used to cook heroin. There were no drugs that I knew of being used while I was there (well, unless you count that night in the opium den, but that was just a chance encounter).

Bill Jernigan relates a comic story about the hapless Lt Barker at Phu Bai.

Convoy to Danang

     I rode shotgun on a convoy to Danang to pick up some containers of supplies and a school bus for our transportation to the beach. Lt Barker was in charge.

   Before we left, Major Weaver called the drivers and shotguns together and told us he hoped when we got back that ‘Lt Barker won’t have the piss and vinegar that he has now’. We played it to the hilt – after all, it was an order.

   On the way down, the last truck kept falling behind, so Barker would stop the convoy, have the jeep driver take him back to the faltering truck, and order it to the front of the line. That happened at least a dozen times before we reached Danang. Every time we got started again, the last truck would drop back.

  During the trip, Barker announced that we would not spend the night in Danang, that we were going to load up and return before dark. We got to town, the jeep turned left, and the trucks scattered all over Danang. It took until dark for him to find us all and reassemble us into a group. We spent the night in Danang.

 The next day, there were problems loading the containers on the trucks, and the school bus wouldn’t start. By the time we got it all fixed, it was dark again. We spent another night.

  Barker was crazy with anger, but couldn’t put his finger on anything that anyone had done to sabotage his convoy. When we got back, Major Weaver ‘had a talk with the boy’, and Barker was never the same after that.

#16     Bill Jernigan described the defenses at Phu Bai as minimal.

Two Little Old Ladies Could Have Overrun Us

   We used to joke that two little old ladies could have overrun us with pop guns. There were a few bunkers and a guard or two walking perimeter at night, but that was it.

   A couple of strands of barbed wire, a cyclone fence around the ops building, a guard on the gate with a .45 – that was our security.

#17      Health care at Phu Bai was minimal acc to Bill J.

Penicillin for the Clap

           ‘Doc’ Tester was at best a corpsman, and a drunk. The only medicine I know of that he practiced was an occasional shot of (outdated) penicillin for the clap. Would hate to have really gotten sick or injured.


#18     In spring ’64 when Jeff and Bill J were at Phu Bai, there was rarely any enemy activity, but one night there was an incident. 

The Unit Went on Immediate Alert

     There was a Marine Lt there at the time. He got there about the same time as Barker. I never knew what he did or had any contact with him. I remember him for the night the two guards at the antenna field got turned around and one thought the other was the enemy and fired a shot.

  The unit went on immediate alert. The Marine Lt commandeered a jeep and loaded it with a bunch of kids who had no more than Basic Training. As they tore off toward the antenna field, someone said, ‘That’s the most dangerous thing I’ve seen since I got to Vietnam, a jeepload of kids with loaded rifles with a Marine Lt as their leader’.


#19     Phu Bai was easy duty as army life went – ASA guys didn’t pull KP, dig latrines, or spend hours on marches, but it was not an easy place, as one ditty bopper who went up in early ’64 remembered. 

Lizards, Bugs, Leeches

      Things I remember – cobras, spiders, lizards, bugs, leeches, monsoons, heat, rats, c rations, smell of 12-man tents, 105 MMs in the night, fear ….

        We had a movie ‘theater’, but it was outside the wire, and a lot of guys wouldn’t go.


#20      Phu Bai was several hundred miles north of Saigon. When Jeff was sent up in Feb ’64, at least part of the journey was by helicopter. The pilot was short-handed that day.

Man the Door Gun

   Enroute, the chopper pilot ordered Jeff to man the door gun. Jeff didn’t know the weapon, but did as ordered.


#21     In Jeff’s time at Phu Bai, VC activity was not salient, but sentries were posted and vigilance maintained.

A Woman on the Road

   One time Jeff was riding in a jeep with a buddy returning to Phu Bai from Hue; they were on an out-of-the-way road just north of the base. It was evening, and suddenly the headlights picked up a Vietnamese peasant woman curled up on the road.

  They couldn’t proceed without running her over, so they got out of the jeep and cautiously approached the sleeping woman with weapons at the ready. Jeff said they were concerned that she might be concealing a weapon, or, if she was dead, had been booby trapped.

  Turned out neither was the case. She was merely sleeping on the road which was warm and dry, probably to avoid insects and snakes on the roadsides.

#22      Ralph Adams was the only Black Vietnamese linguist deployed
in VN. He was one of the superior lingys of the group at Phu Bai. 

Thinking He Was a Ghost

   Early in Ralph’s tour in Phu Bai, it’s true that mothers would pull their children off the street thinking he was a ghost. Later, he was such a well-known presence in Hue/Phu Bai that those early ‘concerns’ evaporated. Everyone knew and loved Ralph ‘Rang’ Adams, and Ralph knew everybody. (Rang being his VN name given by teachers at ALS.)

    As Bill Jernigan added, all of us were accustomed to drawing a crowd when we opened our mouths to speak, but Ralph would have crowds following him down the street. He was probably one of the first Blacks the people of Hue and Danang had ever seen and certainly the first one who spoke their language. He could have started a religion.

#23     Jeff and John Buquoi and others would drive down to Danang.

Two Ladies of the Night

    Many of Jeff’s weekends were spent in Danang with Ralph, Peyton, Jernigan, or myself. I think he and I drove down 2-3 weekends in a jeep borrowed from Ralph. I remember one trip in particular when we had just arrived and checked into a hotel overlooking the Danang soccer field.

     We had adjoining rooms and were cleaning up to hit the town when there was a horrendous commotion from Jeff’s room. Two ladies of the night had let themselves into his room, and walked in on him while he was taking a shower.

   He was flattered but not amused by the ‘breaking & entering’, and it was all he could do to negotiate them out of the room with promises to call them when we returned. Much of our thinking for the balance of the evening, unfortunately, involved contingency planning against the possibility that they might await us on our return.


#24      Jernigan comments on the Phu Bai op.

Intercepting NVN Weather Reports

   Just when you were mustering out in the nick of time during the Bay of Tonkin crisis, August ’64, the Marine lingys and radio guys were intercepting NVN weather reports over target areas and relaying them to the fleet air officers planning the retaliatory air strikes.

  Hmm, maybe that’s what Yonowitz was doing. He had been in our class and seemed to suddenly take an interest in the Hanoi weather.  Naw, I don’t think so. I think that was just one more thing that Yonnie could get hung up on. He used to write notes in big, bold letters on the traffic, things like ‘WHO IS THIS GUY?  Yonnie was, er, special.


#25       ASA troops received minimal military training, no more than the 8 weeks of Basic. Except for the ASA Special Forces, the rest had little experience with weapons.

Fires a .45 Slug Through His Own Calf

   I was eating lunch in the mess hall when the 3rd’s Safety Officer and Exec Officer drops his .45 onto the floor as he sits down to eat (maybe 20’ away). A round is discharged vertically through the bench on which two officers are sitting, missing them both.

  I was lying on my bunk at Phu Bai when one of our MPs, sitting on his bunk 15’ away, fires a .45 slug through his own calf while demonstrating the slide safety feature to his friends.


John Buquoi remembered Jeff.

Set Up a Casino After the War

    On another trip, we took a detour off the highway over Hai Van Pass (Sea Cloud Pass) to explore some old bunkers and shoot up the neighborhood with a Swedish K submachine gun I had acquired. We were fortunate that the ARVNs who ‘guarded’ the pass didn’t kill us on the spot.

    There’s a photo that shows a tiny little peninsula attached to the land below the pass that Jeff and I used to think of as a great place to set up a casino after the war. A beautiful spot – probably too small for today’s gambling operators.


#27        John B on the beach party.

Diving into the South China Sea

    I also remember well the ‘beach party’. A group of a dozen or so of us taking an all-day Sunday adventure at Thuan An beach, an adventure that included a swim out to a SVN Navy minesweeper anchored a quarter mile off the beach only to find it deserted, completely unmanned. We climbed aboard and spent a few hours diving the 25-30’ fantail to the sea, over and over until thirst drove us back to the beach.

  The day, which had begun so auspiciously, ended with a hilariously horrible bar-crawl visit to the infamous Green Door brothel and bar in Hue, unfortunately accompanied by the First Sgt’s female monkey. The monkey was stoned on beer and proved to be a mean drunk. She flew into a jealous rage and destroyed much of the bar and a few extravagant beehive hairdos.


#28     John B recalls Jeff’s views of the war.

A Rational, Moral Position against the War

   When not just having fun, Jeff and I often spent hours in friendly ‘debate’ over the war. He was the first person I ever met in the military who took a rational, moral position against pursuit of the war.

  I on the other hand had swallowed the ‘noble cause’ justifications for the US presence in Vietnam. Our respective perspectives provided for many an hour of good-natured back and forth – sort of an intellectual wrestling match between siblings with neither side a winner and no concessions.

  I wanted to believe. Jeff was more realistic and intellectually honest in his recognition that there was no ‘noble cause’.


#29       Vietnam, tiger country.

A Tiger Sitting in a Pedicyclo

    Ralph Adams and I were browsing the shops along the Dong Ba canal in Hue, and as we walked out of a shop and looked to our left, we saw it. A full grown (huge) male tiger sitting up in a pedicyclo, his front paws resting on the arm rests, hind legs in the foot well, head more erect than slouched, green eyes slitted open – the cyclo driver as nonchalant as if he had a human passenger.

   The hunter who had shot him in the hills northwest of Hue rode in a cyclo behind, rifle across his knees. Perfect!


John Buquoi remembers Ralph Adams.

Master of the Hue Dialect

   He was probably the first (if not the last) American Viet linguist to absolutely master the Hue dialect, which is brutally difficult and much different in colloquialisms, pronunciation, and intonation than the Northern or Southern versions we were trained in.

    Ralph could talk to peasant laborers with more fluency and understanding than could native Vietnamese from the North or South.

    Someone sent me a note yesterday recalling an occasion when one of the ARVN guards at Phu Bai got upset at one of the ladies who worked in the base club. He was mad because she rejected him and was going to throw a grenade at her. Ralph had to go out and talk the guy out of the grenade. That was Ralph. 


#31     Jeff’s conversational buddy Ed Tuttle, who had strong left views, subsequently changed his outlook radically per another GI who knew him well at Davis Station.

He Was a Little Crazy

     Ed was a little crazy – and becoming more so. He had become a right-wing Roman Catholic and very anti-Vietnamese, anti-Buddhist, etc. Interestingly, his mentor was a Vietnamese Roman Catholic priest from where many of his ideas came.